Local, state and federal elected officials are more likely to focus on ending homelessness if they understand how it affects people and programs in the area they represent. The more they hear from constituents about how programs are preventing and ending homelessness, the more likely they are to act. It's up to us to convince our elected officials to take action!
The cornerstone of successful advocacy is building relationships with policymakers, such as calling, writing, and meeting with them, or inviting them to visit a local homeless program or shelter.
This section describes some of the ongoing efforts to improve local, state, and federal policy affecting people experiencing homelessness and how you can get involved. Please find the Coalition's fact sheet on state funding for homeless services.
Current Issues of Local Interest: Restore the State Housing Trust Fund
Created in 1988, the State Housing Trust Fund is a state resource devoted to addressing Arizona’s housing needs. The State Housing Trust Fund it is funded from the sale of unclaimed property, which is assets such as stocks, savings accounts, or real estate abandoned by the owner, often due to a death without a will.
The Housing Trust Fund was initially funded by 35% of unclaimed property proceeds, and then increased to 55% to better address rural housing needs. Due to state budgetary constraints, in 2010 the Housing Trust Fund was capped at $2.5 million.
Prior to budget cuts, the Housing Trust Fund acted as a magnet for private investment, leveraged over $350 million in federal dollars annually, and helped 10,000 Arizonans each year avoid homelessness, repair dilapidated homes, and become first time homebuyers. For every $10 million investment in the State Housing Trust Fund, in addition to providing homes for families in need, it could generate $23 million in economic impact and up to 200 jobs each year.
The State Housing Trust Fund helped with:
• Homes for our most vulnerable populations: Created 250 apartments for those less fortunate including seniors, people with disabilities, and people who are experiencing homelessness
• Disaster-related housing relief: Assisted families displaced by disaster, like the Yarnell fire victims
• Rural homeownership: Helped 230 rural families become homeowners
• Homeless prevention programs: Prevented 6,000 Arizonans from experiencing homelessness
• Rural home repairs: Repaired 360 rural dilapidated homes, many occupied by the elderly
• Homeless shelters: Helped serve 3,000 people in shelters
• Tribal housing: Provided assistance for housing on Arizona’s tribal lands, many with the direst housing needs including lack of water
Want to know how to help?
- Endorse restoration efforts of the state housing trust fund! You can send us an email or download the endorsement packet and mail it in.
- Contact your state legislators (or policy or decision maker). Educate them on what the state housing trust fund has done in our state. Tell them hard working families, veterans, seniors, and people with disabilities should be able to pay for their home and still have enough left over to buy basics like groceries, gas and child care. Tell them we have a responsibility to care for the most vulnerable among us; our seniors, people who are disabled, and veterans who are homeless. Tell them when people live in stable homes, children achieve more in school, families are stronger, and seniors and people with disabilities live with dignity. UseUse the talking points message card to make sure you stay on message during your meetings. Use the leave card when you aren't able to meet with your legislator.
- Find client stories. As we move this issue forward, it is very important to share personal stories and testimony of the importance of having a safe, affordable place to call home!
Current Issues of National InterestWorking in collaboration with the National Alliance to End Homelessness, the National Coalition for Homeless Veterans, and the National Coalition for the Homeless, we work to advance core policy priorities that guide our advocacy efforts. On a national level they are as follows:
- Each year, Congress passes a budget allocating funds to federal programs, including housing and homelessness programs. Working with our national partners, we monitor the funding levels for programs in the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and other federal agencies that address homelessness. Click here for more information.
- On May 20, 2009, President Obama signed into law the HEARTH Act, which made sweeping changes to HUD’s homeless programs. The Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act will provide communities with new resources and better tools to prevent and end homelessness. The legislation:
- Increases priority on homeless families with children.
- Significantly increases resources to prevent homelessness.
- Continues to provide incentives for developing permanent supportive housing.
- Grants rural communities greater flexibility with which to use their federal funding.
- The Obama Administration has committed to ending homelessness among veterans in five years. To meet the
Administration's goal, Department of Veterans’ Affairs (VA) Secretary Eric Shinseki has outlined a plan to end
- Section 8 tenant-based rental assistance (the “Housing Choice Voucher program”) is the primary program assisting extremely low income people with the cost of housing. The Section 8 Voucher Reform Act would improve the program. The Section 8 program provides rental assistance for low-income households, with 75 percent of funds being targeted at households living at or below 30 percent of area median income (AMI). Section 8 tenant-based assistance follows participating individuals and families, regardless of whether or not
they move over the course of their subsidy. Participants in the program pay 30 percent of their incomes toward housing costs, with the program paying the remainder up to a set maximum amount. These vouchers are the leading form of low-income housing assistance, serving over two million households, including families with children, elderly households, and people with disabilities.
- The Section 8 Voucher Reform Act (SEVRA) would reform the Housing Choice Voucher program for the first time in ten years and will help the program continue to provide affordable housing to millions of households, while using federal resources more efficiently. The legislation would streamline the Housing Choice Voucher program and permanently address a formula problem that led to the loss of 150,000 vouchers over three years. Under SEVRA, funding for vouchers would be based on each public housing agency’s actual spending for vouchers in the previous year. Any public housing agencies with large unspent balances would have some of their reserves reallocated to agencies that could immediately assist families on their waiting lists. If a public housing agency faced a shortfall, it could temporarily borrow from the following year’s allotment. The bill would also reform the financing of “portability” moves, so that families could more easily exercise their right to move with a voucher and agencies could save burdensome paperwork and avoid cash-flow problems.
SEVRA also simplifies the rules governing the calculation of rents in public housing, project-based Section 8 properties, and the voucher program. Tenants would still be required to pay 30 percent of their income toward housing costs, but the bill would streamline the process for determining tenants’ incomes and deductions. Income of families on fixed income would only have to be re-certified every 3 years. SEVRA also includes some modest changes in housing inspection rules designed to ease burdens on agencies and encourage landlords to offer apartments to voucher holders.
- In 2008, the National Housing Trust Fund was established as part of the Housing and Economic Recovery Act. The National Housing Trust Fund would use funds dedicated annually from Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and would not require annual appropriations like other federal housing programs. However, because of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac's financial difficulties, payments to the Trust Fund have been suspended and advocates are seeking alternative funding sources. Advocates of the Trust Fund aim to use Trust Fund resources to create 1.5 million units of affordable housing within ten years.
At least 90 percent of Trust Fund resources would be for rental housing, including the production, preservation, and rehabilitation of rental housing, or for operating costs. At least 75 percent of the amount used for rental housing would have to be for extremely low income households (30 percent or less of area median income) or families with incomes at or below the poverty line. Up to 25 percent could be used for the benefit of very low-income families (30 to 50 percent of area median income). Up to 10 percent of Trust Fund resources could be used for homeownership activities for first-time homebuyers. Funding would be distributed to states through a formula that HUD has established.
The $1 billion needed to capitalize the Housing Trust Fund would be mandatory spending, which means that Congress would have to pass legislation separate from the regular appropriations process. Multiple attempts in 2010 to fund the Trust Fund failed.